Toronto Ontario History - Early Settlement To War of 1812
York was incorporated as the City of Toronto in 1834, with its original native name, when it had 9,000 residents. The city had some escaped southern slaves and Upper Canada banned slavery in 1834. Reformist politician William Lyon Mackenzie became the first Mayor of Toronto, and led the unsuccessful Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837 against a corrupt and ineffective British colonial government, which (though unsuccessful as a revolt) led to a number of governmental reforms. The city grew rapidly over the 1800s as a major destination for immigrants, including the Irish n the late 1840s, following their famine. By 1851, the Irish - mostly Catholic -- were the largest single ethnic group in the city. The existing Scottish and English population also welcomed smaller numbers of Protestant Irish immigrants.
Toronto was twice (briefly) the capital of the united Province of Canada in 1849-1852, and again in 1856-1858, after which Quebec was the capital until 1866, when Ottawa became the Capital of Canada.] Toronto has been the capital of Upper Canada from 1793, and became the capital of the new Province of Ontario after its official creation in 1867. The Ontario Legislature is located at Queen's Park, and Toronto is also the location of Government House, the residence of the vice-regal representative of the Crown.
Much of the current lakeshore along the Toronto Harbour is actually artificial landfill, which moved the shoreline out about 1 kilometre from Front Street. This was done in the mid 1800s when the wharves (now called "quays") and the Harbourlands were created. An 1858 storm created a channel, suitable for shipping, at the east end of the post-glacial sandspit, and at the same time created the Toronto Islands. Lake Ontario steamers & schooners used the port to connect Toronto with the world and to the interior of North America.
Along the Don River, there was an expansion of industrial capacity including brewers, distillers, brickworks, and textile manufacturers. This led to an expansion of employment for those moving to the city. By the end of the century Toronto had grown to about 200,000 residents.
More history of Toronto